Category Archives: Article

Cast Treatment of Fractures: What are the risks?

  One of the most commonly used methods used by orthopaedic surgeons for treating fractures is a cast. Typically, casts are made from either fiberglass which is more lightweight, resistant to water and easier to roll, or plaster, which is heavier, sensitive to water, pliable, messier and more difficult to roll. So why should anyone ever use plaster? The simple answer is that plaster is easier to mold properly enabling the provider to hold fractures in the correct position more

Ankle Sprains

An ankle sprain is one of the most common injuries seen in professional and recreational athletes1, 2. The injury usually involves inversion (turning in) of the ankle with some amount of injury to the lateral (outer) ligaments.  Most of these injuries heal with little to no treatment, and infrequently develop long term instability and pain. Long-lasting problems have been found in up to 20% of patients who get twisting injuries and typically are a result of stiffness (lack of motion)

Enterovirus D68: What You Should Know


  Enterovirus D68 has been seen across the US this year. As of 10/3/2014, the CDC has confirmed 538 cases in 43 states although the number as been slowing down as the season winds down. In general, enterovirus is very common with an estimated 10 to 15 million infections each year. Enterovirus D68 has not been so common in the US until this year. There are more than 100 strains, with D68 being the most dangerous. Typically, EV-D68 (as it

Migraine Headaches


  Migraine headaches are a common medical problem and a frequent cause of disability.  In fact of adults over the age of 18, migraines are one of the top 20 causes of disability worldwide.1Severe migraine attacks are actually classified by the WHO as one of the most disabling diseases. 2 In the 2011 National Health Interview survey, 16.6% of adults over the age of 18 reported having migraines or other severe headaches in the previous 3 months.  It was found

Did You Get Your Flu Shot Yet?

  It’s that time of year again. The kids are back in school, the leaves are starting to change colors and the flu season is just around the corner. I find that many people are hesitant to get the flu vaccine but often for the wrong reasons. Some people think that getting the influenza virus is the same as getting a bad cold, so no point in getting a vaccine for it. However, influenza is much worse than the common

Sleep Breathing Problems During Pregnancy

  Many changes that occur during pregnancy can alter breathing function leading to problems during sleep, including worsening of sleep disordered breathing.  Sleep disordered breathing is a condition categorized by frequent episodes of hypopnea (under breathing) and apnea (not breathing) during sleep. Sleep disordered breathing ranges in severity from snoring, it’s mildest and most common form, through to the most severe form in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome.  One of the most common symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing is snoring which

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Abstract Carpal tunnel syndrome is one of the most common disorders or the hand. The patient can experience pain, weakness and burning feelings in the hands and fingers. The involved fingers are usually the thumb, index (pointer), long (middle) and half of the ring finger. Causes include mechanical or anatomic, general medical conditions and possibly work-related conditions.   The diagnosis is usually made by history and physical examination and a nerve conduction study that checks the speed and function of the